Whether you’re attending college on campus or you’re pursuing an online degree, at some point, you will need to write at least one persuasive essay. Also called a position paper, a persuasive essay is a short-length composition in which you compel the audience to share your viewpoint by presenting convincing evidence and a clear explanation that effectively supports your position.
While social media makes it easier than ever for us to spout our opinions, posting a firmly worded Tweet is not really the same as building a cohesive, successful, and convincing argument. With that in mind, we offer a few quick tips that will set you on the right path.
1. State your position
Everyone loves a good story, but that is not what you’re trying to write here. Avoid obscurity, ambiguity, and surprise endings. Your audience should fully understand from the start where you stand and what you intend to argue. If your reader has to guess your position, you’ve already lost them. State your position clearly from the start, and restate it as you go along. Use a strong and clearly worded thesis statement in your opening paragraph, and continue to use it as a reference point as you develop your argument.
2. Get organized
If you want to persuade an audience with your argument, they need to be able to follow it. If your writing lacks organization, that’s not going to happen. Organization starts with a clear, argumentative thesis statement (as mentioned above). This should be your reference point for the whole paper. From there, your writing should develop the argument in a logical format, anchored in evidence, analysis, and counter-argument. Do not attempt to do this off the top of your head. Create an outline beforehand that identifies your thesis statement, lists major points, cites evidence-based supporting points, and makes note of potential counter-arguments.
3. Know your audience
All writing is written to someone. Writing is, after all, a medium for communication. With that in mind, it is necessary to consider your audience. Yes, your professor will be reading it. But he or she is not actually the intended audience. Think about who the writing is actually for? Every audience has its own unique needs and wants. What may work with one audience may fall completely flat with another.
4. Do your research
At the core of any strong argument is solid evidence. The notion that you can fake your way through a persuasive argument only works until you encounter someone who actually understands the subject. If you want to write a successful persuasive argument, you need to do your research. You need to understand the topic from multiple angles. You should also be able to provide ample evidence for your claims as well as anticipate potential counter-arguments.
5. Support your argument
While these tips are not exhaustive, they should help you get your footing while working on a persuasive essay. Remember, above all, you need to own your argument, and these tips should help you approach the task with confidence!